Uniswap Unveils Version 3 in Bid to Stay DeFi’s Top Dog

V3 of the automated market maker is penciled in for an Ethereum mainnet launch on May 5.

By Zack Seward & Brady Dale, Zack Voell contributed reporting.

Mar 23, 2021 at 1:10 p.m. EDT

Uniswap, the leading decentralized exchange (DEX) on Ethereum and a centerpiece of the $42 billion decentralized finance (DeFi) sector, is releasing its third iteration.

In a Tuesday blog post, the firm behind the platform said its aim is to make Uniswap “the most flexible and efficient [automated market maker] ever designed.” AMMs – once nearly solely the domain of Uniswap – have grown in stature along with DeFi’s emergence last year. Rivals like SushiSwap, 1inch and others have also made the exchange of Ethereum-based assets easy for many crypto natives.

Uniswap v3 is expected to launch on mainnet on May 5, the firm wrote. Notably, Uniswap is eyeing an integration “soon after” with Ethereum throughput booster Optimism.

All told, the new version promises greater “up to [4,000 times] capital efficiency relative to Uniswap v2,” the firm wrote.

The key change, as outlined in the new white paper, is what Uniswap is calling “concentrated liquidity.”

“In this paper, we present Uniswap v3, a novel AMM that gives liquidity providers more control over the price ranges in which their capital is used, with limited effect on liquidity fragmentation and gas inefficiency,” it states.

The lead author of the white paper was Hayden Adams, Uniswap’s founder, and three other members of the team. It also includes Dan Robinson of Paradigm, the VC fund led by Coinbase co-founder Fred Ehrsam.

Concentrated liquidity allows liquidity providers (LP) to set minimum and maximum prices on their portion of any given pool.

(Marlon Garcia/Creative Commons, modified by CoinDesk)

New fee structure

The new version further allows different pools to be created with different fees. Up to now, all trades in all Uniswap pools have had a 0.03% fee for trading.

“While this fee historically seems to have worked well enough for many tokens, it is likely too high for some pools (such as pools between two stablecoins), and likely too low for others (such as pools that include highly volatile or rarely traded tokens),” the white paper states.

That said, more than one pool can be created with different fees.

A key change for the composability of Uniswap may be in its removal of native ERC-20 tokens to represent LP positions.